Linking Changes in Drug Misuse to Health Outcomes Key Question 7 We identified eleven relevant longitudinal studies that linked reduction in, or cessation of, drug misuse to morbidity or mortality. Keep Your Own Voice While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center.
This decision has been criticized by some drug misuse treatment researchers, who feel that it is unethical to conduct trials in which treatment-seeking individuals are assigned to no-or-minimal-treatment control conditions, because they believe the efficacy of drug misuse treatment is established.
The workshop panel concluded that the evidence on opportunistic screening for drugs in health care settings was not strong enough or general enough to warrant inclusion as a general best practice. Search the Web of Science [a. Lack of prior research studies on the topic -- citing prior research studies forms the basis of your literature review and helps lay a foundation for understanding the research problem you are investigating.
Among those that did, only three reported significant treatment effects on symptoms of depression or anxiety, and two of these reported multiple non-significant effects on other psychiatric measures. Other outcomes at 6—12 months generally support benefit through improvement in compliance with or response to necessary medical care HAARTimprovement in depressive and anxiety symptoms, or improvement in physical health measures, with reduced use or abstinence among injection drug users of opiates or cocaine compared to ongoing users.
What sources have they cited to support their conclusions? Social and legal intermediate outcomes, however, were not frequently reported in the evidence. These participants may not have met diagnostic criteria for drug misuse i. Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review.
Importance of a Good Literature Review A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.
Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of understanding at different levels [i.
Use Evidence A literature review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper. But, do not use this as an excuse for not developing a thorough research paper! The Bernstein trial of a brief, motivational counseling intervention to reduce opiate and cocaine use in a screened, outpatient clinic population may herald a new generation of drug misuse treatment research that will provide evidence more applicable to primary care populations.
Determining adequate sample size in qualitative research is ultimately a matter of judgment and experience in evaluating the quality of the information collected against the uses to which it will be applied and the particular research method and purposeful sampling strategy employed.
Fluency in a language -- if your research focuses on measuring the perceived value of after-school tutoring among Mexican-American ESL [English as a Second Language] students, for example, and you are not fluent in Spanish, you are limited in being able to read and interpret Spanish language research studies on the topic or to speak with these students in their primary language.
Bias is when a person, place, event, or thing is viewed or shown in a consistently inaccurate way. Methodological A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made.
You need to not only describe these limitations but provide cogent reasons why you believe data is missing or is unreliable. Excluded studies are identified in Appendix G.
Two of the exclusion criteria we applied to the drug misuse treatment literature key questions 4, 5, and 5a markedly reduced the volume of included evidence:CHAPTER 3 DOING A LITERATURE REVIEW 30 INTRODUCTION This chapter considers how one can discover what is already known about a particu-lar ﬁ eld of study and how this information can help with one’s own research.
The review is a careful examination of a body of literature pointing toward the answer to your research question. A literature review is the effective evaluation of selected documents on a research topic. A review may form an essential part of the research process or may constitute a research project in itself.
Limitations of the Literature Review This review was not intended to be a comprehensive, cumulative review of evidence regarding drug misuse screening and treatment.
It was designed, rather, to address whether there still is insufficient evidence available to answer critical key questions required for the USPSTF to make a recommendation on this topic as a clinical preventive service in primary care.
This paper describes one of the literature review method that is most interpretive-qualitative in nature, i.e.
the narrative review [i]. Although the discussion is very specific to the area of rehabilitation research (one research area in education), I believe that the main points are also applicable to other fields in social and design science.
Literature review is an important part of any research, because it helps to identify the scope of works that have been done so far in research area. Literature review findings are used as the foundation for the researcher to be built upon to achieve her research objectives.
The Possible Limitations and Delimitations illustrate the various considerations or “qualifiers” that characterize your ability to carry out your particular study and the parameters of what could or could not be included in the study.Download